Open Letter from Scientists to the American Museum of Natural History

  • Jan 25, 2018

If you are a scientist who would like to add your name to this open letter you can do so here

If you are a not a scientist you can sign a petition here. 

Press coverage:

New York Times (1), New York Times (2), New York Times (Op-Ed), The Guardian, CBS News, NPR’s All Things Considered, Nonprofit Quarterly, Inside Philanthropy, Showtime / National Geographic Channel: Years of Living Dangerously show, Buzzfeed (1), Buzzfeed (2), Huffpo (1), HuffPo (2), The Hill, E&E News, Village Voice, Hyperallergic, ArtNet, Art Forum, ARTNews, E-Flux, The Jewish Voice, Newser, Times Herald-Record, Jezebel, Daily Beast.

Open Letter from Scientists to the American Museum of Natural History:

The American Museum of Natural History in New York (AMNH) is a treasured and influential institution. Museums must be protected as sites that build understanding, help the public make meaning, and serve the common good. We are concerned that the vital role of science education institutions will be eroded by a loss of public trust if museums are associated with individuals and organizations known for rejecting climate science, opposing environmental regulation and clean energy initiatives, and blocking efforts to reduce pollutants and greenhouse gases.

Rebekah Mercer and the Mercer Family Foundation, political kingmakers and the financiers behind Breitbart News, have given tens of millions of dollars to a list of organizations who attack climate science and policy solutions. This includes ringleaders of climate denial such as the Heartland Institute, which garnered $5.9 million from the Mercers from 2008-2016. While on the Trump Administration Transition Team, Rebekah Mercer nominated climate denier Arthur Robinson, board member of Heartland Institute, for consideration as a National Science Advisor. Newly disclosed 2016 tax documents show grants to Heartland Institute for $800,000, the CO2 Coalition for $150,000 and the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide for $125,000. All of those organizations maintain that carbon dioxide pollution is beneficial for ecosystems, agriculture and humanity, a position in clear conflict with the international scientific consensus on climate change.

 The renewed attention to Mercer Family Foundation chair Rebekah Mercer, who sits on the AMNH Board of Trustees (since 2013), spurs us to reissue a statement that scientists first co-signed in 2015:

“When some of the biggest contributors to climate change and funders of misinformation on climate science sponsor exhibitions in museums of science and natural history, they undermine public confidence in the validity of the institutions responsible for transmitting scientific knowledge.”

Since that original letter, we have seen welcome changes as many museums updated their policies related to fossil fuel financial interests; the American Museum of Natural History increased its focus on climate change concerns and global sustainability in its investments and business plans. But given the prior AMNH funding and board membership associated with Exxon Corporation and David Koch, the prominence of Rebekah Mercer and the Mercer Family Foundation as current AMNH donors and on the Board of Trustees can prompt skepticism and hunts for signs of corruption, no matter the quality of the museum priorities and exhibits overall.

Last week thousands of people shared a Twitter comment by environmental economist Jonah Busch, PhD, who pointed out misleading information on climate science in an Exxon-funded exhibit at the American Museum of Natural History. To its credit, the AMNH’s response was swift: it committed to updating the outdated information to reflect the best available science. But the initial online public anger showed that trust in the museum is undermined by the museum’s association with climate science opponents.

The most important asset any museum has is its credibility. This can be damaged by ties to donors and board members who are publicly known for investing in climate science obfuscation and opposing environmental solutions.

We ask the American Museum of Natural History, and all public science museums, to end ties to anti-science propagandists and funders of climate science misinformation, and to have Rebekah Mercer leave the American Museum of Natural History Board of Trustees.

* * *

This letter was initiated by The Natural History Museum, a nonprofit traveling museum that partners with scientists, major public museums, educators, artists, and community organizations.

The views represented in this letter are those of the individual signatories and not the institutions they are affiliated with. Institutions are listed simply for identification purposes.  

1. James Powell, Geochemist; Former President of the Franklin Institute Science Museum and former President and Director of the Los Angeles County Natural History Museum

2. Eric Chivian, founder and Director of the Center for Health and the Global Environment at Harvard Medical School, co-founder of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985

3. Kevin Trenberth, climate scientist, Lead Author 2001 and 2007 IPCC report

4. Jason Box, Climatologist, Professor of Glaciology at the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland; Co-author of 2007 IPCC report

5. James E. Hansen, Columbia University Earth Institute, former head of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies

6. Michael E. Mann, Distinguished Professor and Director of the Earth System Science Center, Penn State University

7. George Woodwell, Ecologist; Founder and Director Emeritus, Woods Hole Research Center

8. Michael MacCracken, Chief Scientist for Climate Change Programs, Climate Institute and former Executive Director, Office of the U.S. Global Change Research Program

9. Robert W. Corell, climate scientist, Global Science Associates, IPCC report contributor and Head of US Office for the Global Energy Assessment.

10. Jerry Melillo, Ecologist, Distinguished Scientist, Marine Biological Laboratory, Chair of US National Climate Assessments 2001, 2009, 2014

11. Reto Ruedy, NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies

12. Calvin B. DeWitt, Environmental Scientist, Co-founder of the Evangelical Environmental Network, President of the Academy of Evangelical Scientists and Ethicists, and Professor Emeritus of Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison

13. Katharine Hayhoe, Professor, Department of Political Science, Texas Tech University; Director of the Climate Science Center, Texas Tech University

14. Richard C. J. Somerville, climate scientist, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego

15. Stefan Rahmstorf, Professor of Physics of the Oceans, Potsdam University; Head of Earth System Analysis, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research

16. Naomi Oreskes, Professor of the History of Science and Affiliated Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University

17. James J. McCarthy, Professor of Oceanography, Harvard University; Former Co-Chair, IPCC Working Group II; Former President, American Association for the Advancement of Science; Chair emeritus, Union of Concerned Scientists

18. Edward Maibach, University Professor, Department of Communication; Director, Center for Climate Change Communication, George Mason University

19. Richard Gammon, Professor Emeritus, Chemistry/Oceanography/Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington

20. Dr. Kerry A. Emanuel, Cecil & Ida Green Professor of Atmospheric Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

21. Dr. Peter U. Clark, Distinguished Professor, College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University

22. Alan Robock, Distinguished Professor of Climate Science, Rutgers University

23. Dr. Charles Greene, Professor, Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University

24. Richard Heede, Director, carbon geographer, Climate Accountability Institute

25. Cecilia Bitz, Director Program on Climate Change, University of Washington

26. Shaun Lovejoy, Professor of Physics, McGill University, Canada; Formerly at the Climate Diagnostics Centre of NOAA

27. Dr Simon L Lewis, Reader, Global Change Science, at University College London and University of Leeds

28. James Booth, Assistant Professor, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, City College of New York
Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate Center, City University of New York; Affiliated Scientist NASA GISS

29. Robert N. Proctor, Professor of the History of Science, Stanford University

30. Sarah Kornbluth, Biologist; Field Associate, American Museum of Natural History

31. Dr. Harry Dowsett, geologist and paleoclimatologist, Editor and Board Member at Micropaleontology Press

32. Ploy Achakulwisut, Climate change & Public health Postdoctoral Scientist, The George Washington University

33. Geoffrey Supran, Post Doctoral Fellow in the Institute for Data, Systems, & Society at MIT and in the Department of the History of Science at Harvard University

34. Sandra Steingraber, biologist; Distinguished Scholar in Residence Ithaca College, co-founder Concerned Health Professionals of New York

35. Dr. Reese Halter, Distinguished Conservation Biologist, MUSE School, CA

36. Judith S. Weis, Professor Emerita, Department of Biological Sciences, Rutgers University

37. Henry Pollack, Professor emeritus, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Michigan

38. David J. Burdige, Professor and Eminent Scholar of Ocean, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Old Dominion University

39. Alan Mix, Distinguished Professor of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University

40. S R Dickman, emeritus Professor of Geophysics, Binghamton University

41. Terrence Gerlach, Geochemist-Volcanologist, Former Chief of Volcano Emissions Project, U.S. Geological Survey

42. Julia Bradley-Cook, PhD, Arctic ecologist

43. Priya Shukla, Ocean Acidification Technician, Bodega Marine Laboratory, University of California, Davis

44. Claudio Cassardo, PhD, Professor of Atmospheric Physics, Climate Physics and Meteorology, Department of Physics, University of Torino, Italy

45. John E. Roemer, Elizabeth S. & A. Varick Stout Professor of Political Science & Economics, Yale University

46. Bonnie Spanier, PhD, Health, Emerita U. at Albany SUNY

47. Mark Mason, PhD, paleontologist, UC Berkeley

48. Michelle Bamberger, MS, DVM, veterinarian

49. Erika Crispo, PhD, Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, Pace University

50. Jed Fuhrman, McCullough-Crosby Chair of Marine Biology, University of Southern California

51. Britta Voss, PhD, Earth sciences

52. M. Elizabeth Sanders, professor of government

53. Eri Saikawa, Assistant Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences, Emory University

54. Andrea Ford, Postdoctoral Fellow in Anthropology at the University of Chicago

55. Jane Zelikova, Research Scientist, Department of Botany, University of Wyoming, co-founder of 500 Women Scientists

56. Megan Munkacsy, Oyster Researcher

57. Nicole M. Baran, Ph.D., NIH NRSA Postdoctoral Fellow, School of Biological Sciences, Georgia Institute of Technology

58. Greg Laden, Paleoanthropologist, Independent Scholar, Science Writer and Blogger

59. Dr. Nicholas R. White, Independent Industrial Scientist, Albion Beams, Inc.

60. Brad Johnson, Science writer; MS geosciences, MIT

61. Karla Shoup, BS, REHS, Southern Nevada Health District

62. Elise Gornish, Ecology

63. Joy Buongiorno Altom, PhD candidate, University of Tennessee

64. Dr. Cindy Shellito, Professor of Meteorology, University of Northern Colorado

65. Aradhna Tripati, Professor, UCLA

66. Allan Stewart-Oaten, Emeritus Prof of Mathematical Biology, UC Santa Barbara

67. Kristen DeAngelis, Assistant Professor of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst

68. Justin C. Burton, Assistant Professor of Physics, Emory University

69. Robert Ulrich, PhD Student in Geochemistry, UCLA

70. Uriel Kitron, Professor in the Department of Environmental Sciences, Emory University

71. Melissa Barlett, PhD, Assistant Professor in Natural Sciences, Mohawk Valley Community College

72. Dr. Elise Pendall, University of Wyoming

73. Brenda J Buck, Professor of Geoscience, University of Nevada Las Vegas

74. Scott Vlaun. Executive Director, Center for an Ecology-Based Economy

75. Daniel H. McIntosh, Norman Royall Distinguished Professor, U Missouri-Kansas City

76. Benjamin Franta, PhD. PhD student, history of science, Stanford University. Associate, Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences.

77. Annalisa Alvrus, Ph.D., Residential Faculty, Biological Anthropology, Mesa Community College, Mesa AZ

78. Erica Frank, MD, MPH; Professor and Research Chair, University of British Columbia

79. Berry Brosi, PhD, Associate Professor of Environmental Sciences, Emory University

80. Kenneth G. Strothkamp, Ph.D., Chemistry Department, Portland State University

81. Scott A Mandia, Asst. Chair & Professor of Physical Sciences, Suffolk County Community College

82. Timon McPhearson, Urban Systems Lab, The New School, New York City

83. Dr. John C. Armstrong, Professor of Physics, Weber State University, Ogden, UT

84. Paul A. Selden, Distinguished Professor and Director of the Paleontological Institute, University of Kansas

85. John E. Sohl, Ph.D., Brady Presidential Distinguished Professor, Atmospheric Physics, Weber State University, Ogden, UT

86. Jonathan Oppenheim, Professor of Quantum Theory, University College London; Royal Society Research Fellow in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics

87. Neal B. Keating, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Anthropology and Director of Museum Studies/Public History, Department of Anthropology, The College at Brockport, SUNY

88. Valentino Piana, Director, Economics Web Institute

89. Sarah Batterman, PhD, Ecology, Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Priestley International Centre for Climate, University of Leeds

90. Dr. Melissa Duhaime, Assistant Professor, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan

91. David Shalloway, Greater Philadelphia Professor in Biological Sciences, Cornell University

92. Lawrence Licklider PhD, Chemistry, UC Riverside.

93. Jonathan King, Prof. of Molecular Biology, MIT, Cambridge MA

94. Lucky Tran, PhD, Biologist & Science Communicator, Columbia University

95. Jacqueline Giovanniello, PhD Candidate, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

96. Simona Giunta, PhD, CEO @ Know Science, The Rockefeller University

97. Simone Weinmann, Research Technician, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, NY

98. Andrea Alfano, content developer and communicator at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

99. Carolina Henriques, Neuroscience, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

100. Matthew Moss, Bioinformatician, Cold Spring Harbor Labs

101. Mona Mehdy, Associate Professor, Molecular Biosciences, University of Texas, Austin

102. Julianne Warren, Ph.D. Ecology, author Aldo Leopold’s Odyssey, Tenth Anniversary Edition

103. Simone S. Whitecloud, PhD; Research Ecologist, Army Corps of Engineers

104. B. B. Cael, Oceanography, Massachusetts Institute of Technology / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

105. Molly Hammell, PhD; Assistant Professor, Biology, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

106. Dr. Timothy A. Livengood, planetary scientist, University of Maryland

107. Dr. Bruce Monger, Dept. Earth and Atmos. Sciences, Cornell University

108. John H. Gardiner IV, structural biology technician, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

109. Gretchen Goldman, Environmental Engineering PhD

110. Brenda Anderson, Assoc Prof., Stony Brook University

111. Shawna M. McBride, PhD; Neuroscience, University of Wyoming

112. Jennifer Fehrenbacher, Asst. Prof., College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University

113. John Olson, PhD; Geophysics, MIT

114. Peter Little, Professor of Anthropology, Emory University

115. Robert R. Janes; Museologist; Co-Chair, Coalition of Museums for Climate Justice

116. Loren Cassin Sackett, PhD; Evolutionary Biology, University of South Florida

117. Emma Loveday, PhD, Infectious Disease, Montana State University

118. Judith Hubbard, Geologist; Assistant Professor at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

119. Larry Hothem, senior physical scientist

120. Dr. James Collins; School of Oceanography, University of Washington

121. David Thomson, Atmospheric Chemistry, University of Colorado

122. Sam Inglis, MSc, Glaciology

123. M Bryson Brown, Philosopher of Science, University of Lethbridge, AB Canada

124. Leehi Yona, MESc Candidate, Yale University

125. Hank Patton, Founder, Little White Salmon Biodiversity Reserve

126. Elaine Livingston, MS Chemistry UC Berkeley, MAT Math Binghamton University, Retired Science and Math Secondary Teacher

127. David K. Adams, Atmospheric Scientist, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

128. Raymond S Bradley, Distinguished Professor, Director, Climate System Research Center, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

129. Neil Tangri, Stanford University

130. Dr. Dagomar Degroot, Environmental Historian, Georgetown University

131. Michael C. B. Ashley, Professor of Physics, University of New South Wales

132. Dee Randolph, Certified Professional Geologist

133. Jose L. Jimenez, Professor of Chemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder

134. Jens Mühle, Dr. rer. nat., University of California, San Diego

135. Anastasia Yanchilina, Postdoctoral Fellow, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel

136. Professor John Geissman, Emeritus, Geophysics, U New Mexico

137. Steven C Sherwood, ARC Laureate Professor, University of New South Wales

138. Gebreanenya Gebru Kidane, Environment and Natural resource management

139. Dr. Georg Feulner, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research

140. Jürg Luterbacher, Professor for Climatology, Climate Dynamics and Climate Change, Justus Liebig University of Giessen, Germany, Lead author IPCC AR 5, WG1

141. Nathan Phillips, Professor of Earth & Environment, Boston University

142. John Marsham, University of Leeds, UK

143. Graciela Raga, Senior Scientist in Atmospheric Sciences, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico

144. Dr. Jean-Louis Fellous, Executive Director, Committee on Space Research

145. Michiel van den Broeke, Professor of Polar Meteorology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands

146. Dr. Ronald J. Parry, Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, Texas

147. Melissa Stults, PhD., Climate and Sustainability Specialist

148. John J. Cullen, Professor Emeritus, Oceanography, Dalhousie University

149. MaryJo Stanley, Public Health Nurse

150. Robert G. Middleton, Consulting Geologist, former AMNH curatorial staff (1974-75)

151. William M. White, Professor of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell University

152. Ann Pearson, Professor of Environmental Sciences, Harvard College Professor, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University

153. Erwan Monier, Principal Research Scientist, Center for Global Change Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

154. David Goodrich, former Director, Global Climate Observing System

155. R Hubert, Northern Arizona University

156. Dr. David Hastings, Professor of Marine Science, Eckerd College

157. Marie Venner, Chair, National Academy of Sciences and Engineering Transportation Research Board Subcommittee on Climate Change, Energy and Sustainability (AF0001)

158. Dr. Joel A. Huberman, Professor (retired), Roswell Park Cancer Institute and SUNY Buffalo

159. Robert Howarth, Earth system scientist and the David R. Atkinson Professor of Ecology at Cornell University

160. Mara Freilich, MIT-WHOI Joint Program

161. Dr. Radley Horton, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory

162. Michael A Rawlins, Extension Associate Professor, Associate Director, Climate System Research Center, University of Massachusetts, Amherst University

163. Stephen P. Kunz, Senior Ecologist, Schmid & Company, Inc., Media, PA

164. Peter Mayes Ph.D Climatologist, NJDEP

165. John Crusius, Ph.D., Chemical Oceanographer

166. Stephen Mulkey, Ecologist, President Emeritus Unity College

167. Joseph Pedlosky, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

168. Daniel Kane, Ph.D. student, Yale University

169. Donald H. Campbell, Geologist (retired), Campbell Petrographics

170. Ted K. Raab, Arctic Ecologist, Stanford University

171. Dr. Raymond Smith, Prof Emeritus UCSB

172. Julia Monk, PhD Candidate, Community and Ecosystem Ecology, Yale University

173. Seth Schultz, Director of Science & Innovation, C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group; Co-Chair of the Coalition for Urban Transitions, Co-Chair of the Scientific Steering Committee for the Cities IPCC Conference

174. Megan Sullivan, PhD Student, Yale School of Forestry

175. Raymond Johnson PhD Director, Institute of Climate Studies USA

176. Carl R. Carnein, Assoc. Prof. of Geology, Emeritus, Lock Haven Univ. of PA

177. Leila M. V. Carvalho, Profesor Meteorology and Climate Sciences, UC Santa Barbara

178. Michael Sandstrom, PhD Student, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory

179. Dr. Leonard S. Sklar, Professor of Geology, San Francisco State University

180. Donna Sueper, Aerosol Researcher, University of Colorado, Boulder, USA

181. Johnse Ostman, Hydrologist, USGS

182. Becky Alexander, Associate Professor of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington

183. Tom Hill, physicist, Rice University

184. Meinrat O. Andreae, Prof. Dr., Max Planck Institute for Chemistry and Scripps Institution of Oceanography

185. Dr Jean-Michel Campin, Oceanography and Climate researcher, MIT

186. Richard Hogen, M.S., Aerospace Engineer

187. Anne R. Kapuscinski, Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Professor of Sustainability Science, Dartmouth College, Board Chair of Union of Concerned Scientists, Pew Fellow in Marine Conservation

188. Susan Mazur-Stommen, Anthropologist and Founder of Indicia Consulting, Adjunct Lecturer in the Environmental Studies Program at the Welch Graduate Center, Goucher College

189. Colleen Baublitz, Ph.D. student in Earth and Environmental Sciences, Columbia University and Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

190. Hillary Streit, lab technician, University of Michigan

191. David W. Martin, University of Wisconsin-Madison

192. Michael Friedman, Assistant Professor of Biology, AICASA, did doctoral thesis in AMNH Sackler Laboratory for Comparative Genomics

193. Mary Beck, Professor of Geology, Valencia College

194. Kristel Sanchez, Ph.D. student, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan

195. Sebastian Essink, MIT-WHOI Joint Program

196. Karen Saunders, forest ecology & paleoecologist, Phd student in Environmental Studies, Antioch University New England

197. Eleanor Browne, Asst. Prof. of Chemistry, University of Colorado Boulder

198. Peter A Sampou, Ph.D. Biogeochemistry/Ocean0graphy

199. Mary Burak, Ph.D. student, Yale University

200. Stacy Brodzik, Software Engineer, University of Washington

201. Kenneth Mitchell, PhD Astronomy

202. Carl Baker, Research Scientist, University of Washington

203. David S. Gordon, Genome Sciences, University of Washington

204. Susan Lentz, PhD, Biology Instructor

205. Lowell Iporac, Ph.D Student, Florida International University

206. Chelsea Pagan, PhD Student, University of Washington

207. Gerson Aguirre, PhD, Biotechnology, Genus PLC,

208. Julie Huang, Ph.D., Director of Research Administration, Cell Biology, a Harvard Medical School

209. Mark A. Koppel, Ph.D., Professsor Emeritus of Psychology, Montclair State University

210. Latifa Jackson, Ph.D. Biomedical Science, Howard University

211. Kim Withers, Ph.D., Naturalist, TAMUCC

212. Jennifer Colby, PhD, Cancer Research

213. Diane Wagner, Biology and Earth Science Teacher

214. Dr. Twila Moon, global ice scientist, National Snow and Ice Data Center, CU

215. Michelle Newmark, Senior Technical Analyst

216. Laurel J. Standley, Ph.D., Environmental Chemist

217. Shawna Murray M.D., Psychiatry

218. Laura Hess, Associate Researcher, Earth Research Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara

219. Dr Gayatri Gowrishankar, Stanford University

220. John Tacinelli, Geology Instructor, Rochester Community and Technical College

221. Shirley E Clark, Ph.D., P.E., D. WRE, Professor of Environmental Engineering, Penn State Harrisburg

222. Chandler Davis, emeritus Professor of Mathematics, University of Toronto

223. Shannon Rowell-Garvon, MSc Biology

224. John S. Garavelli, Ph.D., Adjunct Professor, Center for Bioinformatics & Computational Biology, University of Delaware

225. Charles Baugh, geoscience, JUSD

226. Zoya Vallari, PhD Physics, Stony Brook University

227. Alesia King, M.S., Anthropology Instructor, The Ohio State University

228. Valerie Gartner, PhD Student, Duke University Program in Genetics & Genomics

229. Geoffrey Kidd, Ph.D., Biochemistry

230. Laura J. Mauro, PhD Associate Professor University of Minnesota

231. Bernard Lohr, Associate Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland Baltimore County

232. Stuart Newman, Professor of Cell Biology and Anatomy, New York Medical College

233. Animesh Ray, Ph.D., Professor, Keck Graduate Institute of Applied Life Sciences, Claremont, CA

234. John A. Van Couvering, PhD Geology, Editor in Chief, Micropaleontology Press

235. Erin M. Gibbons, PhD chemistry, MSEE, Adjunct Professor, Seattle Central College

236. Andrea Lund, PhD Candidate, Emmett Interdisciplinary Program in Environment and Resources, Stanford University

237. Charles Jagoe, Distinguished Professor, School of the Environment, Florida A&M University

238. Allison Jack, PhD Plant Pathology

239. Albyn Jones, Professor of Statistics (emeritus), Reed College

240. Karen A. Salamy, M.S. Marine Science

241. Henry A. Hespenheide, Ph.D., Emeritus Professor, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biolgy, UCLA

242. Annika Andersson, Waterbird Biologist

243. Mellissa Marcus, MS Biology- Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Unaffiliated

244. Martin A. Ivanov, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Germany

245. Karen Hogan, ecologist, The Evergreen State College

246. Amber Kerr, Ph.D. Energy and Resources, UC Berkeley

247. Sophie Haslett, Atmospheric Scientist, University of Manchester

248. Thomas P. Pearsall, Ph. D. , Engineering Physics, fellow APS, fellow IEEE,

249. Ko van Huissteden, associate professor and permafrost researcher, Amsterdam

250. Andrew Blain, Professor of Observational Astronomy, University of Leicester, UK

251. Janine Illian, PhD, senior lecturer in statistics, St Andrews University, Scotland UK

252. Daniele Armaleo, Associate Professor of the Practice of Biology, Duke University

253. James S. Clark, Distinguished Professor of Environment, Duke University

254. E. Ann Clark, Associate Professor (ret), Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, ON

255. Dennis W McCracken, Biology Lecturer, University of North Carolina at Pembroke

256. Jessica Theodor, Assoc. Professor, Biological Sciences, University of Calgary

257. Rocco Gangle, Professor of Philosophy, Endicott College

258. Julie Craves, Rouge River Bird Observatory, University of Michigan-Dearborn

259. Will Wilson, Assoc. Prof Biology, Duke Univ

260. Enid Schildkrout, Ph.D., Curator Emerita, Anthropology, American Museum of Natural History

261. Joelle van der Walt, PhD Scientific Director, non-profit

262. Dr. Linda Sohl, paleoclimatologist, Columbia University

263. Mary Sabulski Feigman, PhD, Postdoctoral Fellow, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

264. Judith Soukup, PhD, retired physicist

265. Charles B. Eastman, Mammalian Systematics and Anatomy

266. Susan E Burger, MHS, PhD, IBCLC nutritional scientist and long term AMNH member

267. Logan Myler, Ph.D. student, Cancer Biologist, The University of Texas at Austin

268. Tanya Johnson, Ph.D., Biochemist, The University of Texas at Austin

269. Noreene M. Ignelzi, Marine Educator, The San Juan Nature Institute

270. Sarah A. Green, Professor of Chemistry, Michigan Technological University

271. Ritika Arora, MD Diagnostic Radiology

272. Nadia Johnson, Ph.D. candidate, Pennsylvania State University

273. Alex Keller, MS Biological & Physical Sciences, BS Environmental Sciences; PhD Candidate in biomedical science, University of Virginia

274. Dr. Paul R. Estrada, Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Chair, Carl Sagan Center, SETI Institute

275. Moira Lawson, Ph.D., MPH, Associate Professor of Food Science (ret), University of Copenhagen

276. Angela Zito, PhD. Anthropologist, NYU

277. Mag. Brian Witt, Environmental and Behavioral Economist, Technische Universität Wien

278. Anna Bowling, Science Outreach & Education, Indiana University

279. Steven Bedrick, Ph. D., Computer Science, Oregon Health & Science University

280. Joop Arends, Ph.D, Neuroscientist (retired), Washington University in St. Louis

281. Maran Little, Zooarchaeology Researcher

282. Rebekah Ward, Microbiologist

283. Adam Sobel, Professor, Dept. of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics and Dept. of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Columbia University

284. David Hofmann, Ph.D., Physics, Emory University

285. Michael Gasser, Emer. Assoc. Prof., Computer Science and Cognitive Science, Indiana University

286. J. Timothy Londergan, Professor Emeritus of Physics, Indiana University

287. Roger L. Albin, Professor of Neurology, University of Michigan

288. James I. Kirkland Ph.D. P.G., Paleontologist, Utah Geological Survey

289. Marion Cherry, Wildlife Biologist, retired, USDA Forest Service, Gallatin National Forest

290. Travis Knowles, Assoc. Prof., Francis Marion Univ. and Director, Wildsumaco Biological Station, Ecuador

291. Arnav Ravi Mariwala, M.S. Candidate Geophysics, B.S. Physics, Stanford University

292. Dr. Thomas C. Shirley, Professor Emeritus of Marine Biology, Texas A&M University- Corpus Christi; Professor Emeritus of Marine Biology, Univ. of Alaska Fairbanks

293. Michael Harris, Professor of Mathematics, Columbia University

294. Rachel Linzer, PhD, Forest Pathology

295. John M. Doherty, PhD Candidate, Earth Sciences, University of Hong Kong

296. Richard Martin, Anthropologist, Oregon State University

297. Chris Monroe, archaeology, Cornell University

298. Duane L. Bindschadler, Ph.D., Geological Sci.

299. Gene O. Graham, MD

300. Cynthia Annett, PhD, Research Associate Professor, Kansas State University

301. Jean G. Boal, professor of Biology, Millersville University of Pennsylvania

302. Darlene McGriff, Biologist, retired, California Department of Fish and Wildlife

303.Eric M. Nelson, Ph.D., Biotechnology Business Advisor, Chapel Hill, NC

304. Michael Oppenheimer, professor of geosciences and international affairs, Princeton University

305. Richard E. Cook, PhD, Economics

306. David Kotelchuck, Env. and Occ. Health, Prof. Emeritus, Hunter College

307. Dr. Amélie Kirchgaessner, FRMetS, British Antarctic Survey

310. Jennifer Crosbie, Senior Chemist, Quality Control Analytical

311. Laurel N Hays, DVM, DACVS

312. Aleksandr Milshteyn, Ph.D., Biophysics

313. William Anderegg, Assistant Professor of Biology, University of Utah

314. Paolo Suating, BSc, AMRSC; PhD Student, Tulane University

315. Wills Flowers, Entomology, Professor Emeritus, Florida A&M University

316. F. Zeb Page, Geologist, Oberlin College

317. Kim J. Landsbergen Ph.D., Associate Professor of Biology and Environmental Science, Antioch College

318. Tullis C. Onstott, Professor of Geosciences Princeton University

319. Roseina Woods, PhD, Molecular Palaeontology

320. Carolyn Waldron, MS, MA, Medical Editor and Resident Research Coordinator, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mount Sinai West, NYC

321. Gunter P. Wagner, Alison Richard Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University

322. Stephen C. Stearns, Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University

323. Paul Turner, Elihu Professor of Ecology & Evolution and Interim Dean of Science, Yale University

324. Scott L Zeger, Professor of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

325. Jess Phoenix, Volcanologist & Founder of Blueprint Earth

326. Michael L. Bender, Senior Scholar and Professor emeritus of Geosciences, Princeton University

327. John A. Cigliano, Ph.D., Professor of Biology and Director of Environmental Conservation, Cedar Crest College

328. Rainer Bleck, Sr. Research Associate, Columbia U.

329. Neepa Maitra, Professor of Physics, Hunter College of the City University of New York

330. Walter Yerk, PhD candidate, Environmental Engineering, Drexel University

331. Joel L. Davis, Ph.D., Neuroscientist, Office of Naval Research (Retired)

332. Nicolas Van Oostende, Associate Research Scholar of Geosciences, Princeton University

333. Anna Trugman, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Utah Department of Biology

334. Andrew Marsh, Solar Astrophysics, UC Santa Cruz

335. Robert M. Key, PhD, Research Oceanographer, Princeton University

336. Ted Reid, Ph.D. (Chemistry/Biochemistry) Professor Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

337. James Hanken, Director, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University

338. Paul Ruscher, Fellow, American Meteorological Society and Science Dean, Lane Community College

339. Emery Berger, Professor of Computer Science, University of Massachusetts Amherst

340. Kelly Murray, PhD student in Molecular Biology and Genetics, Cornell University

341. Barrie K. Gilbert, PhD., Senior Scientist Emeritus, Utah State University

342. Paul S. Heckbert, former professor of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University

343. Shimon C. Anisfeld, Senior Lecturer and Research Scientist, Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

344. Emily Fox-Kales, Ph.D. Department of Psychology, Northeastern University

345. Thomas Detwyler, PhD, Emeritus Prrofessor of Environmental Geography, Univ. of Wisconsin-Stevens Point

346. Gebhard Wagener, Professor of Anesthesiology at Columbia University Medical Center

347. Erin Emott, Biologist, FSU

348. Paul Roscoe, PhD Anthropology

349. Thomas Graedel, Professor Emeritus of Industrial Ecology, Yale University

350. Peder Anker, Associate Professor of History of Science, New York University

351. Anton Seimon, Research Assistant Professor, Appalachian State University

352. Amanda Lynch, Lindemann Professor of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, Director of the Institute at Brown for Environment and Society

353. Jacquelyn Gill, Assistant Professor of Paleoecology, University of Maine Climate Change Institute

354. David Kanter, Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies, New York University

355. Christine Bloecker, Scientific Analyst at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

356. Carol Skinner, Ph.D, Ecology, Associate Professor, (retired), Edinboro University of Pennsylvania

357. Jennifer Jacquet, Department of Environmental Studies, New York University

358. Tony Liss, Dean of Science and Professor of Physics, The City College of New York

359. Gordon Berry, Professor Emeritus of Physics, University of Notre Dame

360. Deepika Slawek, MD, MPH, Physician

361. Peter Bergold, Professor of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neurology, SUNY-Downstate Medical Center

362. Sonali McDermid, climate scientist and Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies, NYU

363. Deborah Flores, BA Zoology, MA Biology, MD

364. Carl E. Schoonover, Postdoctoral Research Scientist, Neuroscience, Columbia University

365. Kathleen Pryer, Professor of Biology, Duke University

366. Rob Wallace, PhD, Evolutionary Biologist, Institute for Global Studies, University of Minnesota

367. David Mutchler, Professor of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

368. Peter Johnson, PhD, Agricultural Science, University of Tasmania

369. Abby Schwarz, Ph.D., Marine Biologist, retired, Langara College, Vancouver, Canada

370. Meredith Nichols, M.S., Programmer Contractor, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

371. Douglas Pollock, Civil Industrial Engineer, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile

372. A.Z. Andis, Ph.D. student, Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University

373. Sandra Spencer, Ph.D., Bioanalytical Chemist, University of Washington, Seattle

374. Tricia Polon, M.Ed, M.A., Natural and Environmental Sciences, Museum Studies, Retired Zookeeper

375. Alfred M. Moyle, Ph.D., Department of Meteorology and Atmospheric Science, Penn State University

376. Robert Kopp, climate scientist, Director of the Institute of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences and Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Rutgers University

377. Tobias Gerken, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Montana State University – Land Resources and Environmental Sciences

378. Szymon Suckewer, Prof.Emeritus and Senior Scholar, School of Eng. and Appl. Science, Princeton University

379. Mark Chopping, Ph.D., Remote Sensing, Earth & Environmental Studies, Montclair State University

380. G J Sanders Ph.D Mining and Mineral Processing Engineer, Retired, Australia

381. Frank L. Madarasz, Ph.D., Condense Matter Theory, Ret.

382. Bernardo Reis, Ph.D. – Research Associate – The Rockefeller University

383. Lilian Nogueira, PhD, Research Specialist, The Rockefeller University

384. James Edwards, former Executive Director, Encyclopedia of Life

385. Alan Harris, planetary scientist, Caltech Jet Propulsion Laboratory, retired

386. Edward Spevak, Ph.D., Curator of Invertebrates and Director-WildCare Institute Center for Native Pollinator Conservation, Saint Louis Zoo, Adjunct Asst Professor Environmental Biology University of Missouri-St Louis

387. Jennifer Calkins, Ph D Biological Science

388. Meinhard Stalder, PhD, Physicist

389. Robert B. Dunbar, W.M. Keck Professor of Earth Science, Stanford University

390. Leila Carvalho, Professor Atmospheric Sciences, UC Santa Barbara

391. Albert Gold, PhD, Physics, Associate Dean of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard, Retired

392. Jayde Lovell, New York Hall of Science

393. L.K. Tuominen, PhD, Botanist

394. Joel Jean, Executive Director of MIT GridEdge Solar research program, Postdoctoral Associate at MIT

395. Maryam Zaringhalam, Molecular Biologist

396. Kelly Fleming, PhD chemical engineering, AAAS

397. Dr. Trisha L. Andrew, Associate Professor of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst

398. Alison Takemura, PhD, Microbiology, MIT

399. Patrick Brown, PhD Physics

400.Conor Dempsey, PhD candidate in Neuroscience, Columbia University

401. Elise M. Myers, S.M., M.A., PhD student in Oceanography, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory/Columbia University

402. Gordon Fitch, PhD Candidate, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan

403. Marianne Hirsch, Ph.D.

404. John Pemberton, PhD, Professor in Anthropology, Columbia University

405. Paul Garrett, Professor of Mathematics, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

406. William Messing, Professor of Mathematics University of Minnesota

407. Shamus Khan, Professor and Chair, Sociology, Columbia University

408. Eileen Gillooly, PhD

409. Victor Reiner, Mathematics Professor, Univ. of Minnesota

410. Martha Howell, Miriam Champion Professor History, Columbia University

411. D. Max Moerman, Professor, Asian and Middle Eastern Cultures, Barnard College, Columbia University

412. Gray Tuttle, PhD East Asian Studies, Columbia

413. Hans Othmer, PhD, Professor of Mathematics

414. Richard McGehee, Professor, School of Mathematics, University of Minnesota

415. Takaya Uchida, PhD candidate, Physical Oceanography

416. Jeffrey Fagan, Professor of Law and Epidemiology, Columbia University

417. Daniel Dixon, Research Assistant Professor of Climate Science

418. Selso Villegas, PhD, Director, Tohono O’odham Nation Water Resources Department, AZ

419. Baker Hamilton, MD, MMSc

420. David P. Brown, PhD, Environmental Engineering, Fulbright Fellow, Atmospheric Physics

421. Dr. James Bock, Prof. of Physics, California Institute of Technology

422. Alexandra Moore, Ph.D., Paleontological Research Institution

423. Navin Pokala, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Life Sciences, New York Institute of Technology (NYIT)

424. Ling Miao, PhD, Managing Editor, Physical Review X

425. Ross McManus, PhD, FTCD, Professor in Molecular Medicine, Trinity College Dublin

426. Kelly M. Knee, PhD, Biophysicist

427. Sandy Chang, MD, PhD. Associate Dean of STEM education, Yale University

428. Benjamin Wise, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Biology, Keene State College, NH

429. Louis Derry, Professor of Geochemistry, Cornell University

430. Colleen Kirby Ph.D. Genetics & Developmental Biology

431. Peter G Friedman, PhD, Astrophysicist, former Project Scientist on NASA’s GALEX mission, California Institute of Technology, retired

432. Jim Bonacum, Ph.D, Associate Professor of Genetics, University of Illinois Springfield

433. Craig Westerland, Associate Professor of Mathematics, University of Minnesota

434. Kathleen Marrs, Ph.D, Associate Professor of Biology, IUPUI

435. Joshua E. Barnes, Astronomy Undergraduate Chair, institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa

436. Timothy Perutz, Associate Professor of Mathematics, University of Texas at Austin

437. Jan Sap, Ph.D., professor (genetics), Paris Diderot University, Université Paris Sorbonne Cité

438. Donald T. McKnight, M.Sc., Ph.D. candidate, Biology, James Cook University

439. Lim Jong Duo, PhD, Earth Science, University of Seoul

440. Michael Platt, Ph.D., Professor of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Marketing, University of Pennsylvania

441. Terry L. Erwin, Insect Biodiversity and Coleoptera, Smithsonian Institution

442. Cameron Wake, Ph.D, Research Professor, institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire

443. Frederick, J Sauter, Ph.D, Retired Eastman Kodak Chemist

444. Josh Dubnau, Ph.D., Neurogenetics, Professor, Stony Brook University Medical School

445. Giancarlo La Camera, Associate Professor of Neurobiology and Behavior, Stony Brook University

446. Peter Petraitis, Professor of Biology, Emeritus, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania

447. David Dubnau, Professor of Microbiology, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University

448. Philip W. Anderson, Nobel Laureate 1977 (physics), Princeton University

449. Zei Tung En, PhD Geology, Free Science Journalist, Shanghai, China

450. Michael Cressy, PhD., Genetics, Stony Brook University

451. Kenneth Miller, Professor of Neuroscience, Columbia University

452. Lisa Prazak-Stockwell, Ph.D., Molecular Biology, Assistant Professor, Farmingdale State College

453. Jessica Gurevitch, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University

454. Lawrence M Kamhi, MD, FIPP